Over the past 10 years, climate change has become an increasingly urgent and pressing issue. Here are some of the key developments and trends in climate change over the last decade:
- Increasing global temperatures: 2011-2020 was the warmest decade on record, with each year being among the top 10 warmest on record. This has resulted in rising sea levels, melting glaciers, and more extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods, and hurricanes.
- Growing awareness and activism: The last decade has seen a surge in public awareness and concern about climate change, with increasing numbers of people and organizations taking action to reduce their carbon footprint and demand political action.
- International agreements and commitments: The Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015, in which countries agreed to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Since then, many countries have made pledges to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, although progress towards these goals has been slow.
- Climate-related disasters: The last decade has seen a number of severe climate-related disasters, including devastating hurricanes, floods, wildfires, and heatwaves. These events have had significant economic, social, and environmental impacts, and have highlighted the urgent need for action on climate change.
- Advances in renewable energy: Over the last decade, renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power have become increasingly affordable and widely adopted, helping to reduce carbon emissions from the energy sector. However, fossil fuels continue to dominate global energy production, and much more needs to be done to transition to a low-carbon economy.
Overall, the last decade has seen both progress and setbacks in the fight against climate change. While there has been growing awareness and action, the scale and urgency of the challenge mean that much more needs to be done to avoid the worst impacts of global warming.