Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects a person’s mood, energy level, and ability to function. It’s characterized by periods of intense highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression) that can last for days, weeks, or even months. Here are some signs and symptoms that may indicate someone has bipolar disorder:
- Mood swings: People with bipolar disorder experience extreme changes in mood, ranging from very high or irritable (mania or hypomania) to very low (depression).
- Impulsive behavior: Bipolar disorder can cause a person to engage in risky or impulsive behaviors, such as gambling, drug use, or reckless driving.
- Insomnia or sleeping too much: Changes in sleep patterns are a common symptom of bipolar disorder. People may have difficulty falling asleep, wake up early, or sleep too much.
- Racing thoughts: During manic or hypomanic episodes, people may experience racing thoughts, rapid speech, or difficulty concentrating.
- Fatigue: People with bipolar disorder may experience fatigue or low energy during depressive episodes.
- Changes in appetite: Bipolar disorder can cause changes in appetite and weight, with some people overeating during manic episodes and others losing weight during depressive episodes.
- Suicidal thoughts: People with bipolar disorder may experience thoughts of suicide or self-harm during depressive episodes.
It’s important to note that bipolar disorder can present differently in different people, and a proper diagnosis should be made by a mental health professional. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek help from a mental health provider.